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"An apple a day keeps the doctor away"

Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 9 класс>> "An apple a day keeps the doctor away"



An apple a day keeps the doctor away

1    Choose the correct word and complete the sentences.

1.    I'd like (some / a) cheese.
2.    We all eat (some / an) apple every day.
3.    Have (some / a) water. It's good for you.
4.  I need (some / a) meat, (some / a) potatoes and (some / a) bottle of orange juice.

2    Complete the sentences with (a) few / a (little) / much / many / a lot / fewer / less / more.

1.    Kate eats a kilo of sweets a day. It's too...
2.    If you want to lose weight, you should do... exercise.
3.    This yoghurt has... calories than that one, so this yoghurt is healthier.
4.    How... calories will I burn if I go for a walk?
5.    Would you like some cheese? Just... I'm not hungry, but I'd like to try it.
6.    This year we have ... of apples. I think we should make jams and juice.
7.    Don't put so... salt in your soup. You need very ... salt every day
8.    People who eat fruit and vegetables have... problems with their health.
9.    How... water should I drink every day?
10. We don't have... carrots. Next time you should buy...

Употребление артикля с названиями веществ

Неисчисляемые существительные, обозначающие названия веществ, употребляются без артикля, если в предложении это вещество только называется.

I don't like milk.— Я не люблю молоко.

Артикль the с названиями веществ употребляется, если речь идет о конкретном веществе, находящемся в поле зрения говорящего.
The meat they were eating was tasty.— Мясо, которое они ели, было вкусным.

3    Fill in the gaps with the article the when necessary.

1.    He said that there was ... butter,... sugar,... salt, and ... water in the cake.
2.    "I've never seen ... snow," he said.
3.    ... snow round our house was dirty.
4.    My friend doesn't eat... meat.
5.    Children should drink ... milk in the morning.
6.    At what temperature does ... ice melt?
7.    Pass me ... salt, please. There isn't enough salt in ... soup.

4    Listen to the words and expressions and repeat them after the speaker. Match the words and the translations.

1.    grains (bread, pasta)    
2.    vegetables (potatoes, tomatoes)
3.    fruit (oranges, strawberries)
4.    meat (beef, pork)    
5.    fish
6.    dairy products (milk, cheese, yoghurt)    
7.    fat and sugar
8.    to skip meals
9.    to feel full    
10.    soda
11.    at least    
12.    bad breath

еда


5 Give more examples of daire products, fat and sugar, meat, fish, fruit, vegetables and grains. Use the words from the list.

butter, sweets, pork, chicken, sour cream, cheese, eggs, ham, cucumbers, carrots, yoghurt, cabbage, sausages, oil, beans, peas, bananas, salmon, mushrooms, onions, peppers, tuna fish

продукты

6 Work in groups. What would you like to know about eating better and a healthy lifestyle? Prepare some questions.
 
7 Emily and her friends want to know more about a healthy lifestyle. They asked Mr Small and Mr Foam some questions. Read the questions and try to answer them.

1.    "Are juices really so good for me?"
2.    "Do any of the weight-loss pills that are advertised actually work?"
3.    "I hate physical activity, but I still want to lose a bit of weight. What should I do?"
4.    "What activities burn calories?"
5.    "How can I lose a lot of weight really fast?"
6.    "Do I have to take multivitamins every day?"
7.    "What do you mean by a "serving?"

8 Read the article on a healthy lifestyle and check your answers to Ex. 7. Which of your own questions were answered?

a) Physical activity is very important for a healthy lifestyle, and it's difficult to be fit if you don't do any. However, it's always better to do some exercise than none at all. Here are some simple tips for you.

Eat smaller portions

You don't have to give up all your favourite food, but you'll have to eat less bread, sugar and fat. Take a smaller plate and put less food on it. But don't skip meals. It won't do you any good. Don't eat less fruit and vegetables. They are always good for you.

Concentrate on your food

Don't read or watch TV when you eat. Put your knife and fork down and chew your food slowly and carefully. You'll feel full sooner and won't eat so much.

Have healthy snacks

Forget about high-fat, high-calorie snacks: cookies, potato chips and soda. Make your own sandwiches with meat and vegetables. Drink water or juice instead of Coke and lemonade. Have an apple instead of a hot dog.

Drink a lot of water

Your body needs a lot of water. Drink at least two litres of water every day. Tea and coffee don't count!

Don't eat after 7 p.m.

Have your last meal at least two hours before you goto bed.

яблоки

b)    There    are hundreds of adverts for wonder pills and magic drinks-which promise to make you thin, but do they actually work? The answer is no. Most of them aren't safe either. If you take them, you can sometimes be putting your health in danger. They can cause headaches, high blood pressure and many other problems.

c)    There is no magic diet plan to help you become thin. Anybody who promises you that is telling you a lie. You can go on a very strict diet of fewer than 600 calories a day for a week or two and lose weight, but you won't be happy with the result. A diet like this will leave you feeling weak and give you headaches, bad breath and bad skin. When you finish it, the weight will come back quickly. You could even gain some excess weight. As a result you'll look and feel miserable.

d)    It's not necessary to diet if you eat properly and make sure you have a lot of vegetables and fruit every day. But if you live in a region where it's difficult to get them, you should take multivitamins.

e)    Not all of them are. Some juices contain a lot of sugar, which is bad for your teeth. When you buy juice read the information on the box. There must be no added sugar in it. As an alternative just have an apple or a carrot. They are better for you than any juice.

f)    Everything you do - smiling, talking, reading - burns calories. But if you want to be fit, you'll have to do more. Do some exercise in the morning or in the afternoon every day: ride a bicycle, go swimming or jogging, wash the floors in your home or walk the dog. Everything counts!

g)    A serving is a small portion of food.
one serving of grains = one slice of bread or one spoonful of rice, cereal or pasta
one serving of fruit = one piece of any fruit
one serving of vegetables = one potato, two spoonfuls of corn
one serving of dairy products = one yoghurt, one piece of cheese
one serving of meat / fish = one small piece of meat or fish

9 Say if the following statements are true, false or there is no information in the article.

1.    If you burn more calories, you lose more weight.
2.    Everybody must take multivitamins every day.
3.    Diets that are too strict can make you fatter.
4.    Only swimming and jogging can help you burn calories.
5.    You can eat as many fruit and vegetables as you want.
6.    Coffee is good for you.
7.    You don't have to do exercise if you don't eat too much.
8.    Fruit is better than juice.
9.    Carrots are healthier than apples. 10. Diet pills sometimes work.

10 Work in pairs. Information for A

Look at the activities. Think about the correct word for each of them. Ask your partner how many calories each activity burns and fill in the table.


Information for В

Model: A: How many calories does an hour of reading burn?
           B: It burns ten calories.
       

упражнения

 11 Are you eating the right food? How many servings a day of these things do you eat? Fill in the table with the information about yourself.

Types of food
    What you eat in a day
   A balanced diet
Meat / Fish 
Grains 
Fruit  
Vegetables   
Dairy products
Fat and sugar   


12 a) Listen to the speaker and find out how many servings of these things you should eat. Fill in the table.

Milk, yoghurt, cheese                             
Fruit   
Meat, fish, eggs   
Bread, cereal, pasta, rice
Fat and sugar
Vegetables


b) Analyse your results. Use the following phrases and expressions.

Conversation bricks

                              Talking about food
It's OK. I'm a vegetarian.
It's delicious. It's good for me.
I can't stand it. I should eat more...
It's disgusting. That's too much.
It's not enough. I'll have to be more careful with...
I'm allergic to...
I can gain weight if I eat too much...


Model:I should eat three servings a day of dairy products, but I don't.
           It's OK because I'm actually allergic to them.
      
Homework

A Read what happened in the hospital when Emily and her friends were visiting Jane. Retell the story. Use reported speech.

In the room where Mr Small, Dr Foam and Mrs Bulmer were talking to the
children, there were some really old people. Mr Small went up to one of them.

"I see that you're a very old man," he said.
"Yes, I am. I'm 90," the old man replied.
"Could you give the children here some advice about a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle?" Mr Small asked.
"Sure. Follow my example. Don't smoke, don't drink, don't eat too much sugar or fat and drink lots of water."
At that moment Dr Foam found another old man, who looked older than the first one. He was sitting in a wheelchair, but his eyes were merry and bright.
"How old are you, sir? Dr Foam asked. "I'm ninety-five," the man replied.
"Can you tell us why you have lived so long?" Doctor Foam asked. "It's easy. I always do exercise, and I don't smoke or drink. T spend a lot of time in the open air and I'm a vegetarian." Just then Mrs Bulmer decided to join in the conversation. She saw a very, very old man in the corner of the room. He had no teeth or hair and he couldn't see or hear very well, so she had to come very close to him. The children followed her. "May I ask you a couple of questions, sir," she shouted. "Yes," the old man whispered.
"Why have you lived so long, sir?" Mrs Bulmer asked. "I don't know," the man replied. "Tell us about your lifestyle," Mrs Bulmer continued. "OK, then. I smoke thirty cigarettes a day and drink a bottle of whisky every day. Sometimes I also have two bottles of beer. I never eat vegetables or fruit and I live on chocolate and cakes."
"How old are you, sir?" Mr Bulmer exclaimed. "I'm forty," the "old" man replied.

В Fill in the gaps with the article the when necessary.

a)    "Is there enough... sugar in ... tea?" he said.
b)    ... coffee she made was tasteless.
c)    There was ... butter in the cake.
d)    There was no ... meat or ... fish in ... soup.
e)    I drink ... coffee without ... milk.
f)    ... juice I was drinking was very cold.







К. И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру / Happy English.ru: Учебник англ. яз. для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд.— Обнинск: Титул, 2008.— 288 с: ил.


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