Although Hardy was a gifted poet and novelist, he did not have an easy start. He could not find a publisher for his first novel, The Poor Man and the Lady in 1867, and he almost gave up writing there and then. The next two were published under a different name and it wasn't until 1873 that he got his confidence back and published under his own name.
Most of his novels are set in the semi-fictional county of Wessex and describe his characters' efforts to overcome their circumstances and their desires. Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The Return, of the. Native (1878), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886) and The Woodlanders (1887) are some of his novels which are still loved and admired today for their colourful characterisation and moral messages.
Tess of the d'Urberuilles (1891) tells the story of a poor young farmer's daughter and the events and misfortunes that shape her life. One day her father finds out he has noble ancestry and her life changes. She travels to Trantridge to ask for financial support from a distant relative.
Every day seemed to throw upon her young shoulders more of the family burdens, and that Tess should be the representative of the Durbeyfields at the d'Urberville mansion, was taken for granted, l 2 l l
B and now everything was the opposite of what she had expected.
C when it was such a trouble to nurse and provide for them
D Everything looked like money E in this case it must be admitted that the Durbeyfields were putting forward their fairest family member.
F Tess thought this was the mansion itself, till
G Tess still stood hesitating hardly knowing whether to go on or turn back
H It was more, far more; a country house built for enjoyment pure and simple,
Everything on this property was bright, thriving, and well kept - acres of greenhouses stretched across the grounds down to the trees. | 6 | | - like the last coin issued from the Mint4. The stables, surrounded by Austrian pine trees and evergreen oaks, and fitted with every modern appliance, were as dignified as a church hall. On the huge lawn stood an ornamental tent, with its door facing her.
Simple Tess Durbeyfield stood gazing in apprehension on the edge of the gravel driveway. Her feet had brought her to this point before she had quite realised where she was; | 7 | | .
"I thought we were an old family; but this is all new!", she said, in her innocence. She wished that she had not fallen in so readily with her mother's plans for "claiming kin5," and had tried to find assistance nearer home.
The d'Urbervilles - or Stoke-d'Urbervilles, as they at first called themselves - who owned all this, were a somewhat unusual family to find in such an old- fashioned part of the country. Parson Tringham had spoken truly when he said that Tess's father, John Durbeyfield, was the only real descendant of the old d'Urberville family existing in the county, or near it. He might have added, what he knew very well, that the Stoke-d'Urbervilles were no more d'Urbervilles than he was himself. Yet it must be admitted that this family had a good basis upon which to attach a name which sadly needed restoring to a good position.
Types of buildings
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© Автор системы образования 7W и Гипермаркета Знаний Владимир Спиваковский
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