Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 11 класс>> 7e Writing Skills
Formal letters/emails are written in a formal style to people in official positions e.g. a manager, a course director who you haven't khow well. there are varioustypes of letters such as giving/ requesting information, letters of complaint, letters of apolgy ets.
A formal letters should consist of:
• a formal greeting i.e. Dear Sir/Madam whet you don't know the person's name, Dear Mr/Mrs Wilson whet you do know their name.
• a first paragraph in which you write any opening remarks and clearly state the reason for writing.
• a main body (usually 1-3 paragraphs) which develops the subject. Benin a new paragraph for each main point.
• a final paragraph that sums up the topic, expresses what you what to be done or makes any other final comments.
• a formal enging i.e. Yours faithfully when you don't khow the person's name, Your sincerely whet you know the person's name.
Formal letters can respond to written information (letters/adverts ets). In such cases, make sure all points asked for are included.
Para 1: opening remarks, reason for writing
Paras 2 & 3: development of the subject
Para 4: closing remarks, other comments
1 Look at the types of letters/emails (A-G) below. Who is each one written to? Which are formal? Why?
A a letter of complaint to a course director
B an email accepting your friend's invitation to a barbecue
C a thank-you letter to your aunt
D an email to a hotel owner asking for the return of some lost property
E a letter to your friend telling her about a recent job interview you had
F an email requesting information about an event
G a letter making arrangements for a visiting speaker to come to a school
2 Read the extracts from some formal letters below. Which are beginnings and which are endings? Find the pairs. Which letter from Ex. 1 does each pair belong to?
1 Once again, I would like to thank you for agreeing to take part. Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions or concerns.
2 I am writing to inquire about the Open Day you are holding at the university on Friday 6th May.
3 Thank you very much for agreeing to be one of the guest speakers at our school careers fair. Please allow me to give you some details ' about the day.
4 Thank you in advance for your help. I have enclosed a stamped, addressed envelope in which to return my driving licence if you find it.
5 Thank you very much for making my stay at your Bed and Breakfast which was so enjoyable. Unfortunately, when I arrived home I realised/ that I had left my driving licence behind.
6 Lastly, could you please send me directions to the university campus from the train station? Thank you in advance.
7 All in all, I am extremely disappointed and feel that I am entitled to at least a partial refund of the course fees that I paid. I look forward to your prompt reply.
8 I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with the web design course that I have just completed at your cullege.
3 Read the rubric arid underline the key words. Answer the questions. Then read the model and check.
You have seen an advert for a summer English course in Oxford,
England. Use the notes you have made to write an email to the
course director asking for more information (120-180 words).
1 Who are you?
2 Who will you write to? Why?
3 What greeting/ending will you use?
4 What must you include in your email?
5 How many paragraphs will you write and what will you include in each?
4 Read the email again. What is each paragraph about? Have all the points from the notes been included?
5 In pairs, find formal words/ phrases in the email in Ex.3 which mean the same as the more informal ones below.
1 how much are the courses?
2 I want to 3 please reply quickly 4 thanks a lot 5 choices 6 to make my English even better 7 roughly 8 before I choose one 9 says 10 can I do that? 11 lots of love
6 Replace the underlined sections of the sentences (1-10) with the more formal words/phrases below.
• I would appreciate it if you could
• Thank you for your generosity in spending
• with regard to your participation in
• Would it be possible for you to arrange for
• Could you please send me some more details
• we were served • was appalling
• will be unable to attend
• We really appreciated your helpful advice
• was very impressed by
• am writing to inquire
1 Thanks for all vou did for us during our trip.
2 I am writing about vou taking part in our upcoming careers fair.
3 The standard of food thev gave us was horrible.
4 I really liked the friendliness of the hotel staff.
5 Can vou send me a bit more info about the Open Day?
6 Unfortunately, I can't come to your daughter's wedding.
7 It'll be great if vou can book a taxi to meet us at the airport.
8 You were so generous to spend so much time with me.
9 I want to ask about the computing course you do.
10 Please replace the faulty product.
7 a Match the introductory sentences(1-3) to the supporting details (A-B). There is one sentence you don't need to use.
1 Lastly, we have arranged for the exchange students to go on a weekend trip to the countryside.
2 I would be very grateful if you could send me a copy of your prospectus.
3 First of all, the standard of teaching on the course was excellent.
A The teachers were thoroughly prepared for the lessons and able to answer all the questions that students had. Also, students were given prompt and detailed feedback on their work.
B I would also appreciate a list of the course fees. Any other relevant information would also be appreciated.
b Write two or three appropriate supporting details for the remaining sentence from Ex. 7a. Compare with a partner.
Discuss and write
8 Read the rubrics (A&B) and underline the key words. Then answer the questions in pairs.
1 Who are you and who are you writing to?
2 What kind of letter do you have to write?
3 What style will you write it in?
4 What must you include in your letter?
5 What will you include in each paragraph?
6 What greeting/ending is appropriate?
A You are the leader of your school social committee and have written to an international sports star who is visiting your area, inviting him to give a talk to school leavers at your school. He has agreed and has written to you asking for more information. Read his email and the notes you have made to write a reply to him. (120-180 words)
B You have just done a six-week summer acting course in London and you were very disappointed. Read the advert and the notes you have made. Then write a letter to the course director, Mr Evans. (120-180 words)
9 Choose one of the rubrics and write your answer. Swap papers and check your partner's writing against the checklist below.
• Does the letter/email have a correct greeting/ending?
• Is it written in an appropriate style?
• Does the letter/email cover all the points asked for in the rubric/notes?
• Is the beginning/ending appropriate?
• Do the main body paragraphs have an appropriate topic sentence and supporting details?
• Are there any mistakes i. e. grammar, punctuation, spelling?
Английский язык. 11 класс : учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений / [О.В. Афанасьева, Дж.Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 2-е изд., доп. и перераб. - М.: Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2009. - 244 с. : ил. - (Английский в фокусе).
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