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An accident in Death Valley. Grammar Conditionals

Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 9 класс>> An accident in Death Valley. Grammar Conditionals

An accident in Death Valley

24-10-8.jpg III тип условных предложений / Conditionals type 3
Сослагательное наклонение также используется в условных предложениях III типа. В условных предложениях III типа действия могли бы произойти в прошлом, но не произошли. В главном предложении употребляется Future Perfect-in-the Past (would + have + глагол в III форме) в придаточном Past Perfect.

Jim would have finished his work yesterday if he had got this information in time. — Джим закончил бы свою работу вчера, если бы он вовремя получил эту информацию.

Как вы видите, перевод на русский язык условных предложений II и III типа отличается лишь тем, что действия, описываемые в них, произошли бы в предложениях II типа в настоящем или в будущем, а в предложениях III типа — в прошлом. Однако английский вариант условных предложений II и III типа существенно отличается глагольными формами.

1    a)    Join the two sentences to rewrite the main events from Robin MacWizard's diary.
      b)    Translate the sentences into Russian.

Model: The boys didn't read Robin's diary. The boys didn't meet Emily.—
             If the boys hadn't met Emily, they wouldn't have read Robin's diary.

1.    Robin didn't sail with the Pilgrims. Robin didn't meet Squanto.
2.    Squanto didn't see the ring that Robin wore on a chain round his neck. Squanto didn't tell Robin about the treasure.
3.    The future of the world wasn't in Robin's hands. Robin didn't become the guard of the treasure.
4.    Robin didn't know about the treasure. He didn't go into the future.
5.    The people in his time were better. Robin gave them the treasure.

2    Match the phrases with suitable reactions.

1.    That's good to know. Actually, I need 20 roubles.
2.    I'm afraid there's no chance of that. They're always late.
3.    So you were hungry all day! I'm so sorry to hear that!
4.    I'm glad you liked it. What was it about?
5.    Good idea. I hate boring films.
6.    Why didn't I think of you? Yesterday I phoned all my friends, but none of them was able to help.

a)    I'd lend you some money if you asked me.
b)    If the film is boring, we won't stay until the end.
c)    If the train arrived on time, we'd have enough time to have breakfast before our meeting.
d)    If the train had arrived on time, we would have had enough time to have lunch before our meeting.
e)    I'd have lent you some money if you had asked me yesterday.
f)    If the film had been boring, we wouldn't have stayed until the end.

3    Match the words and expressions with the definitions.

a)    a path through the countryside    
b)    lack of water in the body    
c)    to go for a long walk    
d)    illness or collapse caused by doing too     much physical activity in hot weather


4    Emily keeps her promise to tell Misha about some of California's national parks. Listen to the story, read it and answer the questions.

1.    What's the name of the national park described in the story?
2.    What is it famous for?
3.    What's dangerous about it?


This happened in one of the hottest places on Earth: Death Valley National Park.
Three friends from France, Martin, Paul and Christian were only a couple of days into their tour of the USA when they decided to

visit this world-famous place. They arrived there in the evening and started to plan their adventure. They had bought a guidebook that described the most interesting trails and decided to try some of them. They soon found out, though, that most of the trails were either closed or you had to go with a ranger. If they had come to Death Valley in winter, they'd have been able to see more, but in summer most of the routes were too long and dangerous. If they went out hiking now, they could die ofheatstroke or dehydration. But one of the friends wasn't so sure. For Martin, the idea of hiking in Golden Canyon seemed very exciting. He didn't want to miss all the fun just because of some warnings in a guidebook.

Martin's friends tried to stop him, but he wouldn't listen. The plan was that he would hike the trail and his friends would wait for him in the car.

It was a hot July day. When Martin left early in the morning, the temperature was already more than 38 °C in the shade, but that didn't seem to worry him. The trail was only a couple of miles long and Martin believed it wouldn't take him more than an hour. He was wrong. Even in cooler winter weather a hike like that would take him about two hours. Martin also thought that he "wouldn't need more than a liter of water for this short hike. He was wrong about that too.

Martin's friends were waiting for him in the car. Half an hour after the time they had arranged to meet, Martin still hadn't turned up and they started to worry. Paul wanted to go straight to the rangers and ask for help, but Christian said they should wait a bit longer. They didn't want Martin to come back and find nobody there.

After another half an hour Christian finally agreed with his friend and they went for help. The rangers started a search immediately. By that time the temperature was already over 45 °C. The rangers' plane flew over the valley and soon they saw a body lying on the ground. They recognized Martin from the description given by his friends. When the rangers got to him, he wasn't breathing, but they could still feel a very weak pulse. Only three hours after Martin started his hike he had nearly died. If the rangers had come ten minutes later, they wouldn't have been able to save him.

While Martin was getting better in hospital, the rangers came to visit him and wished him a pleasant stay in America.

5 Who would say these words: Martin, his friends or the rangers? Mark the phrases as true or false.

1.    "If I had listened to my friends, I wouldn't have been in danger."
2.    "If we hadn't asked for help, our friend would have died."
3.    "If we had waited in the car, nothing would have happened."
4.    "If we had warned all the tourists beforehand, we would have been able to save a lot of lives."
5.    "If I had gone hiking on a winter day, I would have died."
6.    "If we had come just ten minutes later, we wouldn't have been able to help."
7.    "If I had taken more water with me, I would have been OK."

A Write the verbs in brackets in the correct tense.

1.    If the friends (not to go) in the USA, they (not to visit) Death Valley.
2.    If they (come) to Death Valley in winter, they (be able) to see more.
3.    If they (go) there, they (can) die of heatstroke.
4.    If Martin (take) more than a liter of water, it (help).
5.    If the rangers (come) ten minutes later, they (not to be able) to save him.

В  Complete the sentences with the correct facts from history.

to have sixty stars on the American flag, discover America, to put tax on tea, to meet Indians, to become famous as the author of the American Constitution, to go to the New World

1.    If Columbus hadn't gone to find a new way to India,...
2.    If the English king had been more tolerant, the Protestants...
3.    The Pilgrims wouldn't have learned how to plant crops if...
4.    The War of Independence wouldn't have started...
5.    If Thomas Jefferson hadn't been the US President,...
6.    If there were sixty states in America,...

К. И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру / Happy English.ru: Учебник англ. яз. для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд.— Обнинск: Титул, 2008.— 288 с: ил.

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