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How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of?

Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 8 класс>> How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of



How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of

1    Listen to the words and expressions    and repeat them after the speaker.


to tease smb — дразнить кого-                            to sit — зд. заседать
либо                                                                   a peer 16-10-12.jpg — пэр
to elect smb — выбирать кого-                            personal achievement — личное
либо                                                                  достижение
to vote for / against smb — голо-                          state — государство
совать за / против кого-либо                               common — adj зд. простой, обыкно-
to approve smth 16-10-11.jpg —                                        венный
одобрять что-либо                                              common - n община
to inherit smth [in'herit] - на-                                 to consist of smth / smb - состоять
следовать что-либо                                             из чего-либо / кого-либо
to represent smb [,repri'zent] -                               at least - по меньшей мере
представлять кого-либо                                       to be called - называться
(быть представителем)

2    Misha and Mark are getting ready for their visit to the Houses of Parliament. Listen to the conversation and say: How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of?

3    Read the text and find the best translations for the words and expressions.


the House —
а)дворец   б)палата   в) дом

the House of Lords —
а) дом лордов б) палата лордов в) палата аристократов

a Member of Parliament —
а) гражданин парламента б) член парламента в) член совета

hereditary peers —
а) наследственные пэры б) наследственные аристократы в) наследственные члены парламента

life peers —
а) пэры на время б) пожизненные пэры в) живые аристократы

a bill -
а)законопроект б)счет в) документ

general election —
а) общий конкурс б) общественное голосование в) общие выборы

the House of Commons —
а) палата простых б) палата обычных в) палата общин

competent —
а) компетентный б) надлежащий в) правомочный

Misha: I've learned something about the beginning of the British Parliament, but I didn't find anything about the two Parliament buildings.
Mark: Don't listen to Black, Misha. He's been teasing you! The British Parliament sits in one building which is called the Palace of Westminster. It's also called the Houses of Parliament because there are two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Misha: So what's the difference between the House of Commons and the House of Lords?
Mark: In the House of Commons MPs, or Members of Parliament, make all the important decisions and work on bills, which later become new laws. The Prime Minister is in the House of Commons too.
Misha: Why are MPs more important?
Mark: Because they represent all the people in the country. We have to have a general election at least every five years. People vote for an MP, and the party which has the most MPs wins the election and forms the government. Their leader becomes the Prime Minister.
Misha: I see, and what about the House of Lords?
Rob: Oh, well, they don't elect them. Did you know Black's older brother is in the House of Lords? He's a hereditary peer and Black's jealous because there is no place in Parliament for him.
Misha: What's a hereditary peer?
Mark: I'll explain. Some people in the House of Lords just inherit their places from their fathers and grandfathers. They're hereditary peers.
Misha: That's not very fair, is it?
Mark: It's a tradition. In the past there used to be a lot of hereditary peers but it has changed and now most people in the House of Lords are life peers. They get the title "Lord" or "Lady" for their personal achievements, and their children can't inherit it. Some of them are very competent. For example, our famous ex-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher took her place as Lady Thatcher in the House of Lords in 1992.
Misha: What happens in the House of Lords?
Mark: In the House of Lords people talk about bills before they become laws and sometimes suggest changes to the House of Commons.
Misha: And what about the Queen? What does she do?
Mark: Oh, the Queen is the head of state. She and the House of Lords have to approve the decisions of the House of Commons. Before a bill becomes law the Queen has to say "La Reine le veut" 16-10-13.jpg ("The Queen wishes it"). The Queen uses Norman French as part of tradition.
Misha: And can the Queen disagree with a new law?

Mark: Not really. The last time it happened was in 1707

Misha: Your system is a bit difficult.

Mark: Well, we have been working on it for more than a thousand years.

Margaret Thatcher

For your information

The Prime Minister is the head of the government in the United Kingdom.
Margaret Thatcher, "The Iron Lady", was one of the UK's most powerful and competent Prime Ministers, from 1979 to 1990.

4    Answer the questions.

1.    How many general elections did Thatcher's party win when she was the Prime Minister?
2.    What other British Prime Ministers can you remember?
3.    Who is the British Prime Minister today?


5    Fill in the gaps with the words from the dialogue.

1.    In the UK there is no president, the Queen is ... of the ....
2.    There are two Houses in the Parliament: ... and ....
3.    People who sit in the ... Commons are called ....
4.    People who sit in the ... Lords are called ....
5.    British people ... for MPs at a general ....
6.    The party which wins a general ... forms the ... and their leader becomes the ....
7.    After the Queen approves the bill, it becomes ....

6    Mark these sentences true or false.

1.    The British Parliament sits in two buildings.
2.    Members of the House of Commons never make important decisions.
3.    There is a general election when the Queen decides.
4.    If there was a general election in 2004, the next general election shoul< be in 2009 or earlier.
5.    Life peers get into the House of Lords because their parents were rich
6.    Every member of the House of Lords and the House of Commons is called an MP.
7.    If the House of Commons wants to do something, the House of Lords can't stop them.
8.    If the Queen disagrees with a bill, she still (все-таки) has to approve it.
9.    Most members of the House of Lords are very clever and competent.
10.    Members of Parliament represent everyone in the country.
11.    Members of the House of Lords form the British government.
12.    The Queen chooses the Prime Minister.
13.    The United Kingdom is a monarchy.

Conversation bricks
Generalizing — обобщение

•    Many people think that... — Многие думают, что...
•    Everybody says that... — Все говорят, что...
•    We all know that... — Мы все знаем, что...
•    Usually,— Обычно
•    In general,— В общем,

Disagreeing — выражение несогласия

•    But don't forget... — Да, но не забывайте...
•    Very true, but... — Очень справедливо, но...
•    But in fact,— Но, на самом деле,
•    But actually,— Но, в действительности,
•    OK, but what about...? — Хорошо, а как насчет...
•    In reality — В действительности...

7 Here are some mistakes that people often make about the British state and its Parliament. Use the expressions from the Conversation bricks and explain your answers.

Model:    1. The British Parliament sits in two buildings.— A lot of people
              think that the British Parliament sits in two buildings,
              but actually it is one building.
       
1.    The British Parliament sits in two buildings.
2.    All the people in Parliament are called MPs.
3.    The Prime Minister is the head of state.
4.    The people in the House of Lords make important decisions.
5.    Most members of the House of Lords inherited their places there.

How to build words

Суффиксы существительных -ment, -tion, -sion
С помощью суффиксов -ment, -tion от глаголов образуются существительные. Например:
to improve (улучшать) — improvement (улучшение)

8    От каких глаголов образованы существительные?

election, government, management, development, discussion, collection, prediction, advertisement, education, examination, achievement, impression, argument

2-10-38.jpgПереведите существительные на русский язык.

9    Образуйте существительные от глаголов с помощью суффиксов -ment, -tion.
decorate, instruct, manage, organise, celebrate, equip, develop, recommend, invite, agree, govern, enjoy

Homework


A Read the ideas. Some of them are false, some of them are not always true. Match the ideas with the facts.

1.    English is a very difficult language.
2.    Moscow has always been the capital of Russia.
3.    Columbus discovered America.
4.    Barcelona is the capital of Spain.    a) Amerigo Vespucci
5.    The Stone of Destiny is in Westminster Abbey.
6.    The English climate is very bad.
английский язык

2-10-38.jpg Use the expressions from the Conversation bricks and write your explanations.

Model:  English is a very difficult language.— Some people say that English
            is a very difficult language, but in fact millions of people all over the
            world have learned it.
       
В Answer the questions.

1.    Who is the head of state in the UK?
2.    Who is the head of the government in the UK?
3.    What is the building where the British Parliament sits called?
4.    How many Houses does it consist of?
5.    Which House represents the people of Britain?
6.    How often do British people vote for MPs?
7.    What are the members of the House of Commons called?


С How much do you know about your country?

1.    What is the official name of our country?
2.    Is Russia a monarchy? A republic? A federation?


D Write questions for the answers about the political system in Russia. Find more information if necessary.

1.    It is called Federal Assembly.
2.    There are two houses.
3.    One is called the Federation Council, the other is called the State Duma.
4.    They are called deputies.
5.    Every four years.
6.    It's the President.
7.    It's the Prime Minister.
8.    They work on bills.
9.    They have to approve bills.
10.    He forms the government.
11.    He chooses the Prime Minister.

здание



К. И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру / Happy English.ru: Учебник англ. яз. для 8 кл. общеобраз. учрежд.— Обнинск: Титул, 2008.— 288 с: ил.


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