Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 8 класс>> Is your English good enough? Grammar Наречия too и enough
Наречия too и enough
Наречие too (слишком) употребляется перед прилагательными и наречиями. Например:
Не is too clever. — Он слишком умен.
You are speaking too fast. — Вы говорите слишком быстро.
Наречие enough (достаточно) употребляется с существительными, прилагательными и наречиями.
В сочетании с существительным enough, как правило, ставится перед существительным. Например:
I don't have enough money. — У меня недостаточно денег.
В сочетании с прилагательным или наречием enough ставится после прилагательного или наречия. Например:
You don't speak English well enough. — Вы говорите по-английски недостаточно хорошо.
Your pronunciation is not good enough. — У Вас недостаточно хорошее произношение.
Сравните употребление too и enough.
This book is too long. — Эта книга слишком длинная.
This book isn't interesting enough. — Эта книга недостаточно интересная.
There is too much sugar in my tea. — В моем чае слишком много сахара.
There isn't enough sugar in my tea. — В моем чае недостаточно сахара.
1 Translate the sentences into Russian. Pay attention to the word order.
1. This exercise is too difficult.
2. My brother is too young. I can't play with him.
3. These jeans aren't big enough for me.
4. You should buy enough potatoes for ten people.
5. Your question is easy enough.
6. Enough is enough.
2 Complete the sentences. Chose the correct place for enough.
1. Do you have enough sugar / sugar enough?
2. Put on your winter jacket. It's not enough warm / warm enough outside.
3. You haven't been working enough hard / hard enough for the last three months.
4. Nobody likes this village, but it is enough good / good enough for me.
5. We don't have enough time / time enough. Let's hurry!
3 Fill in the gaps with too or enough. Обратите внимание на место enough в предложении.
Model: I couldn't speak to him. I was ... busy ....— / couldn't speak to him. I was too busy.
1. He eats ... much meat .... It's not good for him.
2. You don't have ... friends ....
3. The film is boring, because it's ... long ....
4. Don't swim in this river. It's not ... warm ....
5. We can't move this table. We aren't ... strong ....
6. Don't phone anybody. It's ... late ....
4 Misha and his teacher Mr Grams are talking about learning English. Listen to their conversation. What kind of help does Misha want from Mr Grams?
Read the conversation and find all pieces of advice that Mr Grams gives. Which of them do you agree with? Which of them surprise you?
an adapted version of a book— адаптированная книга
to get upset — расстраиваться
an ability — способность
Misha: Can I ask you something, Mr Grams?
Mr Grams: Of course, you can. What is it?
Misha: I get a lot of questions from my friends from school in Russia. They want to know how to learn English.
Mr Grams: English isn't too difficult. Everybody can learn it. Your English, for example, is very good.
Misha: Oh, thanks, Mr Grams. But I started to learn English when I was really young. A lot of my friends think that it's too late to start now. They have only four years left (у них осталось всего 4 года) before they finish school.
Mr Grams: It's not too late. Four years is more than enough. If your motivation is good, you'll soon make progress.
Misha: What will they have to do then? They don't have enough money for private schools and trips abroad.
Mr Grams: They don't have to do those things. But they'll have to work on their English as often as they can. First of all, they should buy a good dictionary, because they will have to read a lot of books. But they shouldn't start with English newspapers or books which may be too difficult for beginners. They should ask their English teacher for adapted versions of English books When they read, they should start a vocabulary notebook and write down all the new words with the translations. It is very important to write down examples of the sentences with the new words too. When you do that, you can remember the place of the word in the sentence, which prepositions or articles go with it, and remember it in context.
Misha: Should they watch films in English?
Mr Grams: They can try, but they shouldn't get upset if they can't
understand anything. They'll have to watch the same film again and again until they understand better. It is also a good idea to get a copy of the same film in Russian.
Misha: Is that all?
Mr Grams: Oh, no. They should listen to English cassettes and repeat things after the speakers. That will improve their pronunciation and their ability to understand.
Misha: But they are always listening to our teacher. Her English is very good. Isn't that enough?
Mr Grams: Unfortunately, it isn't. They have to listen to different accents.
If they always listen to the same person, they won't be able to understand other people. So if they aren't able to talk to native speakers, they'll have to use the cassettes!
Misha: And what about grammar? They learn a lot of grammar rules by heart.
Mr Grams: You don't have to do that. Grammar is very important, of course, but they have to use it, not simply learn the rules. However, they should learn texts and songs by heart. Then they will have longer phrases, not only words in their memory.
Misha: Thank you very much, Mr Grams. You're my favourite teacher.
Mr Grams: That's very kind of you, Misha.
5 Answer the questions.
1. Why is four years enough to learn English?
2. Why should you read adapted versions of English books?
3. Why should you buy a dictionary?
4. Why is it useful to get a copy of the same film in Russian?
5. Why should you listen to cassettes?
6. Why should you learn texts by heart?
7. What is more important: to learn grammar rules or to use them?
8. Why should you write down examples of sentences with new words?
6 Find sentences with too in the text. Translate them into Russian.
7 Remember your discussion from the last lesson. Which of your ideas about learning English were right / wrong? Prove your ideas with sentences from the text.
How to react to a compliment.— Как реагировать на комплимент.
1. You look great today! — Oh, thank you.
2. You sang really well yesterday! — That's very kind of you.
3. You are the smartest girl in our class.— Do you really think so?
4. I think your accent is getting better. — Thank you. I needed that.
8 Match the reaction with its translation.
a) Спасибо, мне было нужно это услышать.
c) Это очень мило с Вашей стороны.
d) Bbi, правда, так думаете?
9 A compliment competition. Pay each other compliments and give polite answers. The person who pays the most compliments is the winner.
Model:You know grammar really well. — Oh, thank you.
• English and other subjects
• Clothes and appearance
• Personal qualities that you respect
10 Misha got some e-mails from his friends. Read them. What problems do his friends have? Who wants too much? Who doesn't do enough work? Discuss the problems and give your advice.
Hi, it's Marina. How are you getting on? Could you ask your teacher a question for me? I like English very much, but when some English boys and girls came to our school on an exchange programme, I couldn't understand them. What should I do?
Hi, Vova here. How's life in England?
I need your advice. When I find new words in a text, I always look them up in a dictionary, but next day i can't remember them. What should I do?
All the best,
It's Den. I hope you are OK. Can you give me some advice? When I spoke English to native speakers (носители языка), they couldn't understand me. What am ! doing wrong?
Looking forward to your answer,
It's Kate. Do you remember me?
I'm afraid, I'm not making any progress. I have learned all the grammar rules and all the words in our textbook, but when I try to speak, I make a lot of mistakes. I try to watch the news in English on CNN too, but i don't understand it very well. Please ask your teachers for advice.
Keep in touch,
My mother makes me learn English, but there is a problem. When the teacher explains new things in the class, I understand it, but two days later I can't remember anything. Help!
Love from all of us,
A What is your main problem with English? What should you do to solve it? Write 5-7 sentences about it.
К. И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру / Happy English.ru: Учебник англ. яз. для 8 кл. общеобраз. учрежд.— Обнинск: Титул, 2008.— 288 с: ил.
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