Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 11 класс>> Module 2 Where there's a will there's a way
Where there's a will, there's a way
Before you start...
• What does family mean to you?
• How would you describe your relationship with your family members?
Look at Module 2
Find the page numbers for pictures 1 -4
> Find the page numbers for
• a biography
• a diagram
• a dictionary extract
• an email
Listen, read and talk about...
• stressful situations
• peer pressure
• the nervous system
Learn how to...
• express negative feelings/ sympathise/encourage
• persuade somebody & respond
• relative clauses
• prepositions in relative clauses
• clauses of purpose, reason, result
• phrasal verbs: put
• idioms with numbers
Write / Make ...
• an email giving advice
• informal & semi-formal letters/emails
• a quiz about the nervous system
• a short article about a helpline or charity that helps young people in your country
1 a Read Sophie's words. What do you think 'ChildLine' is?
b Write down three questions you have about Child Line. Read the text to see if you can answer them.
2 RNE Read and complete the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets.
3 Match the words in bold to their meaning: extra, private, terrorising, protection/somewhere to live, collect money, offering unpaid help.
4 Listen and read the text. Answer the questions. Use your answers to tell the class a short summary of the text.
• What is ChildLine?
• Where is it located?
• Who does it help?
• How can someone get involved?
5 THINK ! Would you consider getting involved with ChildLine? Think of two reasons you would join it. In three minutes write a few sentences on the topic.
6 Project: In groups, find information about a helpline or other charity that helps children and teens in your country. Use the questions in Ex. 4. Present it to the class.
I 1 I I
The nervous system is the control centre of the body. It consists of the brain the spinal cord, which runs from the brain and down through your backbone, and a gigantic network of nerves.
I 2 I I
The brain is like the central computer for the nervous system. It receives messages from different parts of the body, and then tells the body how to react. If you touch a hot pan by accident, for example, the nerves in your skin form a message of pain. The message gets passed on through the nerves in the spinal cord to the nerves in the brain. The brain takes this message, translates it, then sends a message back telling the muscles to pull your hand away from the heat. This all happens in less than a second!
I 3 I I
The brain is a very complex organ with many different parts. The biggest part is the cerebrum, responsible for intelligence, memory, personality, emotion, speech and the ability to feel and move. Next is the smaller cerebellum, controlling balance, movement and coordination, and the brain stem. This is responsible for taking in, sending out and coordinating all of the brain's messages - just like a secretary! It also controls many automatic body functions such as breathing, heart rate and digestion. The thalamus carries messages from the sensory organs like the eyes, ears, nose and fingers to the cerebrum, and the hypothalamus controls other automatic processes such as body temperature and appetite. Lastly, there is the tiny pituitary gland, which produces and releases hormones to control growth, metabolism, our response to stress, and many other things.
I 4 I I
Nerve cells, or neurons, are like long, thin threads with fingers, called dendrites, at each end. The dendrites of one neuron almost touch the dendrites of the next neuron. When a neuron is stimulated, by heat, touch or sound, for example, or by some other message, it actually generates a tiny electrical signal. This releases chemicals that enable the signal to be passed on from the dendrites of one neuron to the next, until the message reaches the brain. The brain alone contains around 100 billion neurons!
1 RNE Read and match the headings (A-E) to the sections of the text (1-4). There is one that you do not need to use.
A The longest nerve
B Carrying messages
C What controls our bodies
D The control centre
E Anatomy of the brain
2 Listen and read. Write down five new things you have learnt about the brain and nervous system. Tell your partner.
3 Portfolio: Use the information in the text to make up a quiz about the nervous system. Swap with a partner and answer the questions in each other's quiz.
Products in supermarkets these days are so 1) .......(beautiful) presented: bread is wrapped in a plastic bag, biscuits in cardboard boxes, apples on plastic trays. Have you ever bought a product simply because you liked the way it looked? Ask yourself what is more important - the contents or the 2)........... (wrap)!
Yes, we do need packaging. It preserves goods, protects them against damage and makes them 3)....... (present) to consumers. But there is a high price to pay. Did you know that anything between 10 - 50 % of the price of food today is down to its packaging? Or that packaging makes up 32% of the total weight of solid waste? This is bad news as most packaging is not 4) .......... (recycle), but dumped in landfills or burnt. This results in more 5)............(pollute), in addition to the pollution caused by the manufacture and 6) .............(transport) of packaging in the first place!
7)................(thankful), supermarkets are now working to cut back. As packages become smaller and lighter, less energy is needed to transport them. Lighter packaging means less waste. However, there is still a long way to go!
So, what's all this got to do with you, the consumer? Well, don't buy 8).......(produce) simply because of the way they look! Instead...
• Choose products that use minimal packaging or 'green' packaging that is 9)........ (reuse) e.g. glass jars for storing things in, recyclable (look for the recycling symbol!) or biodegradable.
• Avoid individually wrapped foods. Buy in bulk, not in small 10)........(pack)!
• Choose products that come in concentrated form, such as 11).......(wash) powders and fabric softeners, or those that do more than one thing, like shampoo and 12) ......... (condition) in one.
• Take cloth bags to the supermarket instead of asking for more plastic bags, which take around 400 years to break down!
• When large products are delivered to your home, ask 13).......(manufacture) to take back the packaging (bubble wrap, boxes, etc) so they can reuse it.
IF WE ALL DO OUR BIT, THEN THE PROBLEM OF PACKAGING WILL BE A WRAP!
1 Read the text. What is the purpose of the author?
2 RNE Complete the gaps (1-13) with the correct form of the word in brackets. Explain the words/phrases in bold.
3 THINK! Listen and read the text again. What should someone have in mind when choosing a product? Tell your partner.
4 Portfolio: Work in small groups. Choose a product and design some 'green' packaging for it. Present it to the class, explaining why you designed it that way.
Listen to the radio interview. For each question (1-7), choose A, B or C.
1 Dr Hunt says that plastic surgery nowadays
A is not as popular as it was.
B is popular with teenagers.
C is changing.
2 According to Dr Hunt, today's society
A places too much importance on appearance.
B places more emphasis on beauty than before.
C helps teenagers to have a positive body image.
3 According to Dr Hunt, the two types of plastic surgery
A are similar.
B are different.
C repair injury.
4 Dr Hunt believes teens should have cosmetic surgery
A to cure low self-esteem.
B if a therapist agrees.
C for the right reasons only.
5 According to Dr Hunt, patients under the age of 18
A need their parents' permission.
B need a certificate.
C may have a problem finding a suitable surgeon.
6 Dr Hunt believes our teenage years are a time to
A discover who we are.
B change who we are inside.
C find out what makes us happy.
7 According to Dr Hunt, the decision to have plastic surgery
A can make us happier.
B must be supported by a doctor.
C needs careful consideration.
Match the headings (A-H) to the paragraphs (1-7). There is one heading that you do not need to use.
Being picked on at school is becoming more and more common and it has nothing to do with the kind of school you go to. It can happen at schools with both good and bad reputations. The difference lies in how schools deal with the situation. Some schools place a lot of emphasis on finding solutions to the problem, while other schools tend to ignore it and pretend it is not happening.
Making and maintaining friendships can be one of the most fulfilling things in your life. It can also be really difficult to do, especially for teenagers, who are still not sure about what they are looking for or what they need in a friend. One thing is for certain, though. If you form a close friendship with someone, it can be very upsetting if things go wrong.
Participants in peer mediation schemes have the opportunity to talk through their conflicts with the help of trained student mediators. Peer mediators do not take sides or blame anyone. They listen to all participants and help them to develop their own solution to the conflict. If you are feeling frustrated or angry with a friend but have not approached them about your feelings, mediation can help! It gives you the opportunity to confront a person you are in conflict with, in a non-violent way.
More and more teenagers are becoming unhappy with the way they look, especially when they regard tall, thin, beautiful celebrities such as Victoria Beckham, as role models. It is very difficult, of course, for teenagers to be happy with their bodies when they feel they have to meet such unattainable standards.
Most teenagers would claim that their parents don'i understand their needs, while most parents believe that it is impossible for them to get through to their teenage children. The truth is probably somewhere in the middle. Both sides should try to be more understanding and open to the other's ideas and feelings.
There are lots of things that teenagers are tempted to buy; CDs, mobile phone top-ups, computer games etc. But how can they afford all these things? More and more teenagers are getting part-time jobs in order to cover their expenses, and this gives them a feeling of independence. Of course, some teenagers get paid on a regular basis by their parents in return for doing chores around the house.
Young people nowadays feel under so much stress that they sometimes find it hard to cope. Exams are a major cause of concern for teenagers because the career they choose depends on the marks they get in their final school examinations. Therefore, teenagers need to learn how to deal with this kind of stress, which will prepare them for other kinds of pressures they will face in later life.
Fill in the gaps (1-7) with a derivative of the words in bold.
Tverskaya Ulitsa, Moscow's main street, has seen many changes over the years. About three hundred years ago it was a narrow street where you would
find beautiful buildings with great 1).....and the residences of the rich. In the 20th century, the government decided to 2).....the street and long queues outside state-run shops were a common sight. Today it is still known as one of the capital's most expensive 3).......districts, but it is also a hub of 4).............with clubs, cafes, restaurants and 5).............boutiques. Since 1990, the statue of literary figure Pushkin in nearby Pushkinskaya square has stood alongside the American fast food restaurant McDonalds. However, there is a price to pay for all this 6)......... The quiet areas around Tverskaya could be under threat due to the 7)............of new
ARCHITECT WIDE RESIDENCE ENTERTAIN DESIGN DEVELOP CONSTRUCT
Read the extract from your pen friend's letter. Write a letter to Fiona. In your letter:
• tell her about the anti-bullying week
• ask three questions about the party
Write 100-140 words.
So, you said you've just had
an anti-bullying week at
school. How did it go? What
did it involve?
I'd better go now. I'm going
to a party tonight to celebrate
the end of exams!
You are discussing with your brother/ sister what to buy your mother for International Women's Day on the 8th of March. Discuss with him/her what gift you would like to buy and decide on one thing that you both agree on. Choose from the following:
• scarf and gloves
• tickets for the theatre
You begin the conversation and have to decide on which option (only one) to choose. Your partner will play the part of your brother or sister. Remember to:
• discuss all the options
• take an active part in the conversation and be polite
• come up with ideas
• give good reasons
• find out your friend's opinions and take them into account
• invite your friend to come up with suggestions
• come to an agreement
1 Fill in: dramatic, disgusting, attitude, tricky, persuade, tempted, pressure, trust, offend, symptom.
1 I didn't mean to........you. I was trying to be nice!
2 His entrance was so ...........that everybody just stared at him.
3 A sore throat is a ..........of a cold or flu.
4 The cakes looked so delicious that I was.............to eat them all!
5 I don't care what you say, nothing will........... me to eat anything like that again.
6 Peter's............towards his teachers often got him in trouble.
7 You can............Mary to keep her promise.
8 There were some very ...............questions in the maths test, but I think I got them right.
9 There was such a ............. smell in the room that we had to open all the windows.
10 You must be under a lot of............. at the moment, having so much work to do.
2 Fill in the gaps with the correct relative pronoun.
1 I'm not sure............of these books to read next.
2 This is the house.............I used to live.
3 Peter's the person.............you should ask.
4 Madrid,.................. is the capital of Spain, is great.
5 Can anybody tell me .......... that car belongs to?
3 Complete the sentences using the words in bold. Use two to five words.
1 There was such a lot of traffic that he was late.
because He............ much traffic.
2 We'll have to take a taxi because it's too far to walk.
such It's ................ to walk that we'll have to take a taxi.
3 Because there was ice on the runway, the plane's departure was delayed.
due The plane's departure was delayed ......... on the runway.
4 My sister married an American and moved to California.
who My sister, ............... moved to California.
5 The house had to be demolished because it was badly damaged in the storm.
fact The house had to be demolished
..............it was badly damaged in the storm.
4 Complete the phrasal verbs with the correct particle.
1 I'm afraid you will just have to put ............. with the pain for a day or two.
2 They put us .................. in a terrible hotel for the conference.
3 Due to bad weather they put.................the party for a week.
4 Put .............. your coat, it's cold.
5 Don't you dare put me......................like that again!
5 Fill in the gaps with the correct preposition.
1 Pay attention .......... the teacher's instructions.
2 He keeps boasting...............winning the lottery.
3 Television can have a bad influence............children.
4 Why do you always insist.............sitting here?
5 The band didn't make much of an impression ............me.
6 Match to form exchanges.
a I don't want to be late for school.
b Sure. Let me carry it.
c I suppose we could.
d I'm afraid I'm busy tonight.
e Well, all right. Just this once.
I 1 I I Can you help me with my homework tonight?
I 2 I I Let's go and see that new film at the Rex.
I 3 I I Come on! It'll only take a minute!
I 4 I I Please let me borrow the car tomorrow.
I 5 I I Could you lend me a hand? This box is very heavy.
NOW I Can ...
talk about stress & peer pressure
talk and write about waste & packaging
offer sympathy & encouragement
persuade and respond to persuasions
... in English
Английский язык. 11 класс : учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений / [О.В. Афанасьева, Дж.Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 2-е изд., доп. и перераб. - М.: Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2009. - 244 с. : ил. - (Английский в фокусе).
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