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The treasure

Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 9 класс>> The treasure



The treasure

1    Listen to the conversation and match the names with their descriptions.

The treasure

A  mountains in South Dakota
B  the Native American chief who ordered the monyment to be carved
C  the place where the final great battle between the Native American and European settlers took place
D   the Native American chief whose statue is carved into the mountain
E    Indians
F   the sculptor of the monyment

2  Listen to the words and expressions and repeat them after the speaker

The treasure

3 Read the story for detail and check your ideas.

Crazy Horse

Misha:     I have a question, sir. It may sound strange, but I'm sure that I saw
                   another face in another mountain near here.
Guide:     Good question. I'm sure you mean another great monument, the
                   monument to Crazy Horse. Mark: What is this Crazy Horse?
Guide:     Not what, but who. Crazy Horse is the name of a great Native
                  American chief. It's a very sad story, but one that should be told.

Long ago when the European settlers hadn't yet arrived, the area was populated by Native Americans from the Sioux tribe. They led a simple, peaceful life and hunted buffalo for food. The Sioux believed in the power of nature and worshipped their gods the way their parents and grandparents had done for thousand and thousand of years. For them, the Black Hills were a very sacred area.

When the Europeans came, things started to change. They killed more buffalo than the Sioux had ever done and soon the Indians didn't have enough food to eat. Across the country the Europeans took all the good land and moved the Native American tribes into "reservations". These were areas of dry land that the Europeans didn't want. In the reservations the Indians had to give up their wandering way of life.

At first the Sioux seemed to be luckier than other tribes: the Black Hills area wasn't very attractive to the Europeans, so in the Treaty of 1868 the US government promised that territory to the Sioux forever. However, the promise wasn't kept for long; very soon gold was found in the Black Hills, and thousands of prospectors flooded into the area. The US government forced the Sioux to leave their land.

That left the Indians with no choice: they started a war against the occupiers. Crazy Horse was a Sioux chief who led his tribe in the war. To his people he was a real hero: brave, handsome and fair. He earned their respect not only by his skill in battle but also by his determination to preserve their traditional way of life and culture. But the Sioux were defeated in the war. In fact, their defeat at the Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890 was the last major defeat of Native Americans by white men on this continent. It was more of a massacre than a battle. Hundreds of unarmed Sioux women, children and men were shot and killed by US troops.

So you all can imagine that when white men came into the Black Hills in 1927 and dynamited the faces of the four presidents into the sacred Black

Hills, it was a deep insult to the Sioux, who still lived in the area. In 1939 Sioux Chief Standing Bear decided to create a Native American memorial in the Black Hills. He asked the sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski to carve a huge statue of Crazy Horse into another mountain in the Black Hills. There was no government funding for this project, so the sculptor used his own money to buy a big piece of the mountain. When the sculptor died, his family went on with the project. So far only Crazy Horse's face is ready but when the whole statue is completed, it will be much bigger than any of the Mount Rushmore faces. On top of the mountain there will be the huge figure of a Native American rider on a white horse, who even after his death guards the sacred hills of South Dakota, the area which the Sioux still consider their own.

Rob:         Excuse me, sir. Just one quick question. Is there a cave under the Crazy Horse Monument?
Guide:    I'm not sure about that, but it's possible. There are a lot of caves in the mountains.
                  The gold miners stopped digging there after it became more difficult to find gold in the caves.

4 Look ot the pictures and choose the one that looks closest to what the Crazy Horse Monument will look like when it's completed.


The treasure
 
5 Look through the texts "Faces on Mount Rushmore" and "Crazy Horse" and put the events in the correct order.

1.    The monument to the presidents was dedicated.
2.    White men came to South Dakota.
3.    Korczak Ziolkowski started working on the monument to Crazy Horse.
4.    A South Dakota state historian, Doane Robinson, came up with the idea to carve the faces of famous people from the Old West in the mountain.
5.    The Sioux were defeated at the battle of Wounded Knee.
6.    The Sioux enjoyed a peaceful, wandering way of life in the South Dakota territory.
7.    The Native American tribes were moved to reservations.
8.    Gold was found in the Black Hills.
9.    The Sioux revolted.
10. The George Washington face was dedicated.

6 Answer the questions.

1.    What kind of land was given for the reservations?
2.    Why did the US government break its treaty with the Sioux?
3.    What did the white prospectors come for?
4.    Who was Crazy Horse?
5.    What was he respected for?
6.    Who won the war between the Sioux and the US government?
7.    What happened in 1923?
8.    Why was the Mount Rushmore Monument a great insult to the Sioux?
9.    What did a Sioux chief do to commemorate the memory of his people?
10. Is the Crazy Horse monument completed?


Homework

A  Read the end of the story.


The treasure

At night

Misha:    Be careful! Don't fall!
Emily:     What we're doing is mad! Are you sure there's a cave here at all?
Misha:    I'm sure I saw one when we went on the excursion today. And I don't believe that
                  Robin would lead us into trouble.
Emily:     Well, if going to prison isn't enough trouble for you...
Misha:    What are you talking about? What does prison have to do with it?
Mark:      Well, you heard the guide today, Misha, didn't you? This mountain belongs to
                 the sculptor's family. It's private land. We have no right to be here.
Rob:        Oh, stop it. I've found the cave. Follow me.
Misha:   Look! It's easy to see! Here's a drawing of the ring. I'm surprised nobody has found it before.
Mark:     It's because we know what to look for. And here are the signs. Let's dig here.


Five minutes later

Misha:    Shsh! I heard a strange sound. We've hit something.
Mark:      Help me get it out. It's heavy.
Emily:      Oh, look, it's only an old fireproof safe.
Misha:     What did you expect? Some kind of ancient gold box?
Emily:      Yes, something like that.
Mark:       But it makes sense. Robin was in the 20th century and he used the
                  best container he could find to protect the treasure. Let's open it.
Rob:         What is it? Looks like an old animal skin!
Mark:      Let me see. I think that was used instead of paper in olden times.
Rob:        What? We've done all this work, travelled to the other side of the world and even
                  risked our lives just for a piece of sheepskin? Misha: Wait. Let's see what's written here.
Emily:      It's a map!
 
карта

Mark:     Yes, I think it's a map of America. And it's decorated with very small precious stones.
Emily:    That's more interesting!
Mark:     That's very interesting. Look! Here in the corner is an explanation, written by Robin.
                 OK. Gold sand on the map means that there's gold in that area, diamonds mean that
                 diamonds can be found there...
Misha:    That's amazing. In our hands we have a map of all the natural resources in North America!
Rob:         Now I understand why it had to be hidden. If it had been found in 1620, the whole continent
                  would have been destroyed by greedy people.
Misha:     Yes, look what happened here when gold was discovered!
Emily:       But is it safe to use the map now?
Mark:       I'm not an expert, but as far as I can see a lot of these places haven't been discovered yet.
                   I can see some minerals that we don't even know about yet. For example, do you know what delirium is?
Emily:      I'm scared. What shall we do with the map?
Mark:       We could give it to some scientists.
Rob:         But can we be sure that they'll use this knowledge to do some good?
Mark:       What are you suggesting?
Misha:     I think the world isn't ready to learn the secrets of this map yet.
                  Let's just leave it here and pass the knowledge on to our children.
Rob:         I agree with you. People haven't changed that much. There are still wars and violence, and people
                   still kill each other for money. Let's wait until the world is better.
Mark:       We may have to wait for a long time, hundreds of years. Let's hope there'll still be MacWizards then.

В Get ready for a discussion in class. What would you do if you found a map of all the natural resources in your country?

Your active vocabulary

  to give out advertising fliers t
  to deliver post
  to help children catch up with their studies
  to be a babysitter
  to work as a waiter
  to be a ranger
  to make website home pages
  to apply for a job
  to charge smb for smth
  to require smth to hire smb / smth
  a requirement
  a skill
  to offer smb smth
  an attitude
  yard work
  patience
  a strong point
  to mind
  an amusement park
  creative
  informative
  active
  attractive
  competitive
  imaginative
  a ride assistant
  a roller coaster
  an office clerk
  a lifeguard hospitable
  outgoing
  a dishwasher
  a costumed character
  employment
  staff



 


К. И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру / Happy English.ru: Учебник англ. яз. для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд.— Обнинск: Титул, 2008.— 288 с: ил.


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