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"I believe in liberty and happiness"

Гипермаркет знаний>>Английский язык>>Английский язык 9 класс>> "I believe in liberty and happiness"

I believe in liberty and happiness

1 Emily's grandmother Olga comes to meet Emily's friends. Listen to the conversation, read the text of it and then answer the questions.

1.    Where does Olga come from?
2.    Why are there tears in her eyes when she sees the Statue of Liberty?
3.    How did she get to America?
4.    What did Misha and his friends think about the Statue of Liberty?
5.    Why does Olga want to go to the Rockefeller Center again?
6.    Who was Rockefeller?


Emily: Misha, Rob, Mark. Look who's coming! It's my grandma, Olga. She's the most interesting person I have ever met.
Olga: Hello, Emily. Hello, boys. It's nice to meet you.
Misha:You have a Russian name. That's interesting.
Olga: I am Russian. My parents came to America many many years ago and brought me with them. I was only a little girl, but I remember the first thing I saw in America from on board the ship.
Rob: It was the Statue of Liberty, wasn't it?
Olga:Yes, it was. Every time I see it I get tears in my eyes. But you've seen it yourselves, haven't you? What do you think?
Misha: Well, to be honest... it looks great, but...
Mark: Yes, it's one of those big American symbols which nobody believes in any more. 
Rob: Everything we saw in New York is about money: ail of those skyscrapers, built by rich people and big corporations. And there are still so many poor people in the streets... Is that liberty?
Olga: Well, there must be some place you haven't been to yet in the city. I could go with you and show you something that you haven't seen.
Rob: What's that?
Olga: How about the  Rockefeller Center?
Misha: But we've already been there.
Olga: Let's see it again!

Olga and the friends arrive at the Rockefeller Center.

Olga: Look at this building again, children. What do you see?
Misha: I see a very big building which was built by somebody who had so much money that he didn't know how to spend it all.


Rob: ...or somebody who got a lot of money from the government.
Mark: The Rockefellers were rich aristocrats, right?
Olga: John D. Rockefeller II was a rich aristocrat, that's true, but he didn't just believe in money, he believed in people too. When he decided to build this building during the Great Depression, he got no help from the government. So he used his own money to do it. Rockefeller was quite an interesting man. Would you like to know more about him? Let's go and read his own words on that sign in front of the building.

America in focus

The Great Depression — a global economic depression, which in America lasted from 1929 to 1940.

How to build words?

2 К каким частям речи принадлежат данные слова?

1.    obligation, declaration
2.    fulfilment, agreement
3.    replay, restructure
4.    responsibility, opportunity
5.    fruitless, useless
6.    reading, living
7.    ability, dignity

Суффиксы существительных -ness, -ship, -dom, -hood

Для обозначения отвлеченных существительных используются суффиксы:
-ness, -dom — они образуют существительные от прилагательных: happy — happiness (счастливый — счастье), free — freedom (свободный — свобода) и
-ship, -hood — они образуют существительные от других существительных: child — childhood (ребенок — детство), friend — friendship (друг — дружба).

3 От каких слов образованы данные слова?

membership, brotherhood, wisdom, neighbourhood, freedom, kindness, weakness, dictatorship, motherhood, usefulness, stardom

4 Listen to the words and expressions and repeat them after the speaker.

human values — человеческие ценности
worth 24-10-45.jpg — зд. ценность
to imply [im'plai] — подразумевать, предполагать
a duty — обязанность
a right — право
to owe 24-10-46.jpg — быть должным
to make a living — зарабатывать на жизнь
justice 24-10-47.jpgсправедливость
to endure 24-10-48.jpg — зд. соблюдать
a bond — обязательство
will — воля
to triumph — восторжествовать
might [mait] — сила

a possession — владение
sacredness of smth — нерушимость чего-либо
fulfilment — зд. самореализация
dignity of labor — величие труда
usefulness — польза
a responsibility — ответственность
an opportunity — возможность
an obligation — долг
fundamental — основополагающий
wealth 24-10-49.jpg — богатство
a servant — слуга
a master — хозяин

5 Listen to the text and say what human values Rockefeller believed in.

1.I believe in the supreme worth of the individual and in his right to life, liberty, and happiness.
2.I believe that every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity — an obligation; every possession — a duty.
3.I believe that the law was made for man and not man for the law that government is the servant of the people and not their master.
4.I believe in the dignity of labor, whether with head or hand; that the world owes no man a living but that it.owes every man an opportunity to make a living.
5.I believe that truth and justice are fundamental to an enduring social order.
6.I believe in the sacredness of a promise, that a man's word should be as good as his bond; that character — not wealth or power or position — is of supreme worth.
7.I believe in an all-wise and all-loving God, named by whatever name. The individual's highest fulfilment, greatest happiness, and widest usefulness are found in living in harmony with His will.
8.I believe that love is the greatest thing in the world; that it alone overcome hate; that right can and will triumph over might.

6 Match Rockefeller's words with the following ideas. Sometimes there is more than one correct answer.

(a)  Everybody has the right to be happy.
(b) People should keep their promises and never break them.
(c) Presidents and ministers must work for the people.
(d) Your religion doesn't matter; but it's important to believe in God..
(e) Love is the most powerful thing in the world.
(f)The most important thing is living in harmony with God.
(g) Every society should be fair.
(h) People are more important than presidents and ministers.
(i) Everybody has the right to work.
(j) Money shouldn't be given to people, but people should have the chance to earn it.
(k) Someone in a higher position has to work a lot.
(l) Someone who has a lot of money should do more for other people.
(m) It's more important to be a good person than to be successful.

7 Speak about the human values Rockefeller believed in. Choose suitable words and make any necessary changes using the suffixes if you have to.

Model: free - Rockefeller believed in freedom. weak - not suitable

free, weak, member, wise, brother, kind, labor, cold, friend, dictator, love, to govern, money, happy, success, equal

8 Match some Russian sayings with Rockefeller's words.

1.    He место красит человека, а человек место.
2.    Всякий труд почетен.
нью йорк


A Translate Rockefeller's words into Russian.

К. И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру / Happy English.ru: Учебник англ. яз. для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд.— Обнинск: Титул, 2008.— 288 с: ил.

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