1 Listen to the words and expressions and repeat them after the speaker.
My name is Robin MacWizard. I come from Scotland, and I'm the last member of the ancient MacWizard clan that used to be big and powerful. Many centuries ago a prophecy was made that one day a Scottish king would rule both Scotland and England. The duty of my clan was to help the Scottish king get to the English throne. The prophecy came true in 1603 when the Scottish king, James, got the crown of England.
How it happened is another story, but my family played an important role in it. King James promised everybody who supported him that he would become a kind and tolerant king and would grant people religious freedom. But when James finally became the King of England, he changed his mind. Anybody who disagreed with the official church or the king was burned at the stake. Unfortunately, our family was no exception.
When I was away, King James's soldiers broke into my castle and took my wife and two children away. I spent years looking for them everywhere, and finally I found the grave of my dear wife, Mary. But I didn't find any graves for my children, so I still hope that they're alive and well.
My dear friend, I've been very busy these days, as most of the passengers on board the ship are seasick and need help.
But let me tell you more about the ship and its 120 passengers. The ship's called the Mayflower. She's not very big but was thought to be strong enough to cross the Atlantic. The passengers on the ship are a really unusual group of people. Most of them left home for a very important reason: religion. They call themselves the Saints of the Holy Discipline, or just Saints.
The Saints do not believe in the Church of Rome, the Pope or the power of the king over other people. They think that God is in people's hearts, not in a church. You may say there is nothing so bad about these beliefs, but in 1620 when James was king, people couldn't choose their religion.
The Saints call the other passengers "strangers". The Strangers have come with us for different reasons: some hope to get rich, some want the chance of a better life and some, like me, are just running away from Britain to save their lives. So I, Robin MacWizard, am definitely a Stranger. I've even started a poem about our group. Here is the beginning:
The New World promised us freedom and changes,
We've been at sea for two weeks now. I'm getting to know the other passengers on board the ship. The Saints give their children interesting names. I've already met Remember, Love and Patience. I think the Saints believe that these names will help their children have the same qualities later in their lives. Well, we'll see.
The weather is awful. We've had nothing but (кроме) fog for days. People get wet through and have no chance to dry their clothes. The food is not very good, so a lot of passengers are getting ill. Even the people who are not ill yet are getting weaker. They're starting to think about all the dangers of the New World.
It has been nearly nine weeks since we left and originally we hoped to cross the sea in six weeks. Captain Jones and his officers have started looking for birds, plants, trees or other signs that we are close to land, but they haven't seen anything yet. The health of the passengers on board is getting worse every day. William Button, the young servant of Doctor Samuel Fuller, died and we buried him at sea — 43 degrees North — 2,835 miles from England. That's where his grave is.
At last we saw land. There is joy on every face. To remember this day I have written the second part of my poem. Here it is: With storms and disease, we faced many dangers, Our families died, but we didn't stop, And we reached the New World, both Saints and Strangers, Soldiers of fortune and pilgrims of hope.
Before we landed, I decided to show the poem to William Bradford. I should have mentioned him before in this diary. He's the Saints' leader, a man of great intelligence and kindness. Out of all his friends, he could really be called a "saint". He's keeping a detailed record of everything that happens on the Mayflower.
I thought he might like to copy my little poem into his journal, so I showed it to him. Here is what he said, "We are not just Saints or just Strangers anymore. Although we have our differences, we are all God's children, and our Lord loves us all equally. So now together we are God's pilgrims and that's the name we shall all be called." When I heard these kind, wise words. I didn't feel upset at all. Bradford was right, so today I wrote the ending of the poem. I hope he'll like it when I show it to him:
The Mayflower brought us to the New World safely, but our troubles are just beginning. The crew made a mistake, so we landed in Cape Cod, which is not a very suitable place for a settlement. It's winter and very cold, and the land is covered with ice. Our supplies of food and fresh water are running out. A lot of people are unhappy and even angry, and some are even thinking of a revolt.
Master Bradford is a truly great man. Today he had the idea that all of us, Saints and Strangers, should choose a governor and agree to obey him and the laws we agree on. Most of us liked the idea and signed an agreement which we called the Mayflower Compact. Then we voted and chose John Carver for governor. I personally voted for Bradford, but Carver is a good choice too.
Some of the men went on expeditions on shore to look for something to eat and to find some fresh water, but we weren't very successful. We came across an Indian village, but it was clear that the Indians had seen us and had left the village before we arrived.
After nearly two months in the new land we decided to go on shore and build our first village. This place is a lot better than Cape Cod. We found a lot of trees, different herbs and berries, and we hoped to find animals to hunt.
On Christmas Day, which we didn't celebrate because this day isn't important to the Saints, we started to build the first houses. By the next couple of days we had still made very little progress, as the weather was terrible. The icy rain and extreme cold continued to take more lives. We haven't met any Indians yet, but far away in the distance we can see the smoke of their fires. The Indians are not far away, but * we hope they won't leave their warm wigwams until spring.
A most amazing thing has happened.
He didn't speak English very well, but he told us more about himself. His name is Samoset, and he is not an enemy. He learned English from some English fishermen who used to come to fish in these waters.
When he heard about us, he decided to come and offer us some help.
He doesn't belong to any local tribe, but he has friends here. He especially recommended one of his friends called Squanto. He said that Squanto's English was really good. We wanted to trust Samoset, but we were also scared of him. He could be an Indian spy, so we sighed with relief when he finally left.
Samoset came back with some friends. One of them was Squanto, who is a really amazing person. He told us that the Indians and the Pilgrims should finally get to know each other and become friends. He introduced us to the chief of the local tribe, whose name is Massasoit. The first meeting went very well and soon after that Massasoit and our governor signed an agreement to live in peace and help each other. It was a great joy to us, but there are still many other tribes around so we can't feel absolutely safe.
A sad day. The Mayflower finally left for .England. We all had tears in our eyes, as the last connection with home was gone, but none of us wanted to go back to England. The few of us who survived the winter didn't want to give up now that we had Squanto's help.
1. Who wrote the diary?
1. William Button, the young servant of Doctor Samuel Fuller died.
К. И. Кауфман, М. Ю. Кауфман Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру / Happy English.ru: Учебник англ. яз. для 9 кл. общеобраз. учрежд.— Обнинск: Титул, 2008.— 288 с: ил.
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