1c Grammar in Use

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1 C  Grammar in Use

Present tenses Grammar Reference

1  Put the verbs in brackets into the correct present form. Explain the use of each tense. Which tense forms have a future meaning?

Hi Frances,
How are you? I 1)....    (be) so busy since I moved to London! And everything 2)...... (seem) so different here. I 3) .....    (like) it but I still 4)    ......(feel) quite nervous! London is so busy and everyone 5) ....... (rush) around all the time. I 6) .......    (always/get) lost! And it's cold! It 7) .....    (get) colder and colder each day!

My lectures at the university 8) .....     (start) next Tuesday! I can't wait! As you know ! 9)......     (stay) with Aunty Jo since I arrived in London and she 10) ......     (help) me so much already. I 11)......    (really/enjoy) spending time with her! We often 12) .....     (chaе) for a while in the afternoon. I 13) .....    (look) for a flat of my own since I got here but I 14) ....... (not/find) one yet! As soon as I 15) .....    (get) one, you must come and stay!

Write back soon,

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Lots of love,

2  Fill in with the present simple or present continuous. Which verbs describe: actions? states? Explain the differences in meaning.

1  A: Why.....(you/smell) that towel?
    B: It ...... (smell) wonderful! What washing powder did you use?

2   A: I.... (see) my niece tonight.
     B: I....(see). So you won't be coming to the cinema with us then, will you?

3  A: I hear you.... (look) for a new job.
    B: Yes, it ......(look) as if I'm going to lose my present one.

4   A: We....(think) of moving house.
     B: Oh, good for you! I ..... (think) that's a great idea!

5   A: What's wrong with Tony? He.....(be) usually so cheerful!
     B: I know. He    ....(be) really moody today.

Future tenses Grammar Reference

3 Fill in the gaps with the correct future tense of the verbs in brackets. What are the uses of each?

1    Be careful! You....(trip over) that rope!
2    He's feeling a bit nervous because he....(start) a new job tomorrow.
3    She.....(finish) this book by the end of the day.
4    Don't worry, Mum. I.....(not/be) late.
5    This time next week, we.....(lie) on the beach!
6    Are you going shopping today? I think I    .....(come) too!
7    Take a painkiller! It.....(make) your headache go away.
8    We.....    (visit) our parents this weekend.
9    Dad can't come out with us tomorrow. He.....(work) all day long.

4 a  Read the examples.

1    The Queen is to visit Australia next month. (formal)
2    Hurry up! The train is about to leave. (near future)
3    Ann is on the point of resigning from her job. (near future)
4    Our flight is due to take off at 7am. (timetables)
5    Your plan is bound/sure/certain to work, (certainty about the future)

b Use the expressions below to complete the text.

•    are about to • is due to • on the point of
•    are to • bound to

I am afraid that our local shoe factory is 1)    ..... closing down. The management 2) ......     hold a public meeting to discuss the situation on Wednesday. The meeting 3).....start at seven o'clock in the evening and I hope that they will find a solution because closure of the factory is 4)    ..........cause a lot of problems. It employs many people from the town and already the workers' union have said they 5).........take industrial action.

Past tenses Grammar Reference

5 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct past tense. Explain your choices.

1    A: What......(happen) to Ann yesterday?
      B: She.......(walk) home when a man........(steal) her bag.

2  A: ......(you/go) out last night?
    B: No I .....(work) all day, so I ........(stay) in and .....(watch) TV.

3       A: .....(you/see) your brother this morning?
         B: No, he........(already/leave) the house by the time I ........    (wake) up.

4       A: Why.......(you/run) when I........(see) you yesterday?
         B: Oh, I......... (chat) to a friend for ages when I ...........(realise) I was late for school.

5       A: I...........(call) you at 10 o'clock yesterday morning.
        B: Oh, we probably    ......(not/hear) the phone.


6 In teams, use the time expressions to make sentences.

•    yet • still • already • before • ago • today • now
•    at the moment • for a long time • since

Used to - be/get used to - would Grammar Reference

7 d Match the sentences to their meanings. Are there similar structures in your language?

I 1I  I    He used to/would wake up early when it was a holiday.

I 2I  I    He used to live in a small flat, but now he lives in a large house.

I3 I  I   I've been doing it for so long that I'm used to walking to school.

I 4I      I It's not easy, but I'm getting

a    A past state that is no longer true.
b    An action that is in progress now.
c    A repeated action in the past.
d    An action that has become a habit

b Fill in used to, be/get used to and/or would where possible.

When I was a child, my family 1) in a little cottage in the countryside. The farmer across the road 2).... keep cows and chickens and we 3)    .....often buy milk and eggs from him. We 4)    .....have two sweet little dogs. In the summer holidays, my brother and I 5)... love playing  with them in our huge garden. Sometimes we 6) .... wake up earty in the moming and go on a bike ride in the woods until nightfall.When I was 10, we moved to  Toronto. I 7) ...(hot) living in a big city with so much noise and pollution. I missed my old frients and the friendly people. I even 9) .... livingin a small flat. Still, even now I miss my village.

C What did you/didn't you use to do on holiday when you were a child? Discuss.

Dependent prepositions

8 Fill in: for, about, to. Check in Appendix 1.

1    I've always fett very dose ..... my older sister.
2    He has great respect.... his grandparents.
3    You should be ashamed ..... your behaviour.
4    She is very attached.....him.
5    What are you arguing ..... this time, you two?

Phrasal Verbs (come)

9 Fill in: down with, across, up with, into, over. Check in Appendix 2.

1    We came .... a beautiful antique table at the flea market.
2    Why don't you come ..... tonight? We're having pizza.
3    The symptoms show that you're coming.....the flu.
4    They come.... at least once a week for a visit.
5    The class came      some ....... great games for the party.
6    She came ...... a large inheritance and bought a house.

Sentence transformations

10 Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first. Use the word in bold. Use two to five words.

1    I could run fast when I was young, used I .... runner when I was young.
2    How long is it since they moved to the country? ago How ..... move to the contry?
3     Their flight will arrive at 7:45. due Their flight 7:45.
4     This new hairstyle seems strange to me. get I ...........this new hairstyle.
5     Mary will get a promotion. sure Mary .... a promotion.

Английский язык. 11 класс : учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений / [О.В. Афанасьева, Дж.Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 2-е изд., доп. и перераб. - М.: Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2009. - 244 с. : ил. - (Английский в фокусе).

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