Module 8 Travel

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Module 8 Travel


 Before you start...

•    What do you want to do for a living?
•    Where do you see yourself in ten years time?

Look at Module 8

Find the page numbers for pictures 1 -4.

Find the page numbers for

•    paintings    
•    a leaflet    
•    an author's biography

Listen, read and talk about...

•    places
•    airports and air travel
•    Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift
•    a biography of Jonathan Swift
•    manners in the USA
•    landscape paintings
•    Eco-tourism

 Learn how to ...

•    seek permission
•    make a request
•    use emphatic phrases
•    request help - agree/refuse


•    inversions
•    so, neither/nor
•    quantifiers
•    countable/uncountable nouns
•    phrasal verbs: check
•    idioms related to the weather
•    prepositional phrases related to travel


•    a summary of Gulliver's  Travels
•    an article describing a place
•    a leaflet giving advice on manners to foreigners visiting your country
•    a sketch of your local landscape a short talk about a World Heritage Site


1 a  Look at the leaflet. Who is it for? What does 'Mind your manners' mean?

b Read the parts of the leaflet in bold. Discuss in pairs what you expect to read about these things.  Listen, read and check. What is the author's purpose?

*Make space! Always maintain enough distance between you and someone you're talking to, even a friend! Personal body space is very important to Americans!
*It It is NOT usually acceptable to call someone before 9am or after 10pm.
*Never ask for someone's personal information such as age or salary details. It is considered very rude!
*Don't cut ahead in a line. 'Cutters' are not tolerated!
*Yawning or sneezing without covering your mouth or burping are considered very gross! Americans have very high hygiene standards.
*Opinions: it's OK to have them!! This manner of direct speaking is often interpreted by foreigners as rude, but it isn't!
*Unexpected visits aren't really 'the done thing' in America! Telephone beforehand.
*Remember to knock before entering a room.
*Maintain eye contact when speaking to someone. Not looking someone in the eye can be taken as a sign of dishonesty.
*Always try to be on time. Punctuality is extremely important for Americans.
*Never forget to say 'please' and 'thank you'. Not doing so means that you have bad manners!
*Names: it's often OK for young people to call adults by their first names. It is not considered impolite or disrespectful. Rather, it is taken as a sign of equality, a highly valued American ideal!
*Eating before others are ready to begin, is considered very impolite.
*Remember to always tip waiters, doormen, taxi drivers, hairdressers. It's a highly important social convention in the USA!
*Switch off your mobile phone when at the movies or at a restaurant with others.

2 Read the pairs of words below and choose which word is used in American-English and which in British-English. Check in a dictionary.

1    gas/petrol                              8    chips/fries
2    pavement/sidewalk                 9    lawyer/attorney
3    trainers/sneakers                   10    fall/autumn
4    freeway / motorway                11    shop assistant/sales
5    drugstore/chemist's                        clerk
6    counter-clockwise/                  12    zip code/postcode
    anti-clockwise                          13    bill/note (money)
7    chips/crisps                            14    rubber/eraser

3 Think!! Do you think it is important to learn about the customs of a country you are to visit? Why? In three minutes write a few sentences on the topic.

4 Look at the leaflet again. Which pieces of advice would you also give to foreigners visiting your country? What other advice would you give? Make a list, then compare with your partner.

5 Portfolio: Work in groups. Make a leaflet giving advice about good manners for foreigners coming to your country. Use your answers from Ex. 4 to help.

история америки 
1 Look at the pictures. How do they make you feel? Do you think it is important for art to look realistic?

2 Read the descriptions and match them to the paintings.

1    This shows a sleepy village that is made busy and vibrant by the bright contrasting colours.
2    In this painting the viewer's eye is led in steps from the trees in the foreground to the valley, and then the mountain beyond.
3    This is a dark moody night scene which is made lively by the warm comforting colours of the house.
4    The simple shapes and light colours in this painting make it charming and romantic.

3 Read the text and fill in the gaps (1-12).
 Listen and read the text again. Then explain the words in bold.

4 The text is about Cezanne using 'shifting perspectives'. This means that when you look at the painting your eye does not focus just on one main thing in the picture. Look at the paintings again and say how you think the artist has used this technique.

5 Use the Internet and/or other available sources to find two more paintings by Paul Cezanne. Then, write a short article analysing his use of colour, shapes and perspective.

Paul Cezanne is regarded 1)..........the artist who bridged the gap between the school of Impressionism of the late 19th century and the beginning of Modern Art in the early 20th century. Both Picasso and Matisse, two of the greatest Modern artists of the 20th century, referred to Cezanne as 'The father of us all".
Cezanne's greatest contribution to painting 2).......    his development of colour, composition and perspective in his search for the perfect balance 3).............nature and art and the way he changed forever how artists who followed after him approached 4)............canvas.

Cezanne was born into a rich French family, so he never had to struggle for his art due 5) difficulties. In fact, it was his wealth that allowed him to continue to work on his 6)     ............ style of painting, even though it was largely ignored 7) .............. the other French artists. It was not until the final years of his life that the art world finally began to recognise his talent.

Not long after his death, in 1906, a major exhibition of his paintings was held in Paris and it took the art world by storm. Cezanne's art led to artists becoming 8)...........and more interested in using multiple views of the same subject. It also freed later artists 9) .............. a dependence on natural and realistic forms in their depiction of the world around 10).....................

Cezanne was 11)..............doubt a Titan of the art world. His legacy was to 12)......... the artists who came after him the opportunity to look at the world in a completely new light.



1 Look at the pictures and the title of the text. What do you think you are going to read about? Read through quickly and check.

английский язык

There are many beautiful places in the world to go on holiday, but there is also the worry that your tourism is damaging them. The UNESCO World Heritage List features 830 sites which have 'outstanding 1)............    (universe) value' around the world. It includes the Great Wall of China, the Galopagos Islands, the Florida Everglades and the Tower of London. Many of these places are officially endangered, however UNESCO names four heritage sites which have been 2)...............(success) restored and are no longer on the endangered list, making them fantastic holiday destinations. They are:

Angkor, Cambodia
Here you will see one of the world's most important 3)........(archaeology) sites. It is the remains of the ancient capital of the Khmer Empire and dates from the 9th to the 15th centuries. You can still see brick towers and huge stone temples among the ruins. Recently, it has suffered from 4).........(legal) excavation and looting, but with the extensive preservation and 5)........(restore) work, it is no longer in danger.

The Old City of Dubrovnik, Croatia
In this lovely city you can see beautiful Gothic and Renaissance 6)........(architect) and an ancient fort whose walls run around the whole city. It was 7)...........(severe) damaged in the war in the 1990s, but the fronts of the Franciscan and Dominican monasteries and churches have been restored and the palaces have been rebuilt, so the old city is once more a wonderful place to visit.

The Wieliczka Salt Mine near Cracow, Poland

This huge mine has been operating since the 13th century. It has got 300 km of natural galleries filled with works of art, statues sculpted from salt, animal and plant fossils, tools and pottery. 8)........... (preserve) have been working for almost ten years to save them from the damp conditions. They were successful and the site is out of danger. Visitors can now go 135 metres underground.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania
Here you will find a huge 9)........(volcano) crater 265 km2 wide and 600 m deep as well as the world's largest concentration of wild animals. It is one of the few places in the world where you can see rare black rhinos, lions and many bird species.

So when you visit one of these places of 10)........(amaze) beauty and interest, you can feel proud knowing that they are well-preserved for future generations.

2 Read the text again and fill in the gaps with an appropriate word.

3 Listen and read the text again. Match the underlined words to their synonyms below.

•    stealing • stronghold
•    legitimately • digging
•    collection • carved

4 Think! In three minutes write a few sentences on the topics. Remember to give reasons.

How do you think tourists might cause damage to a holiday destination.
How important is it to preserve places of natural beauty?

The goal of life is living in agreement with nature.
(Zeno, Greek philosopher)

английский язык


Listen and choose the correct answer (A, B or C) for each question (1-7).

1    The narrator's father encouraged him to take photographs as a child because

A he wanted him to keep up the family tradition.
B he wanted to introduce him to an enjoyable pastime.
C it was a way they could spend some time together.

2    The narrator entered a wildlife photography competition because

A his father sent in a photo he had taken.
B someone persuaded him to.
C he thought he could win it.

3    The narrator decided he wanted to be a photographer
A after he found out he had won the competition.
B after he got back from Africa. C after he got the perfect shot.

4    The narrator got his job at the National Geographic Society immediately after

A leaving school.
B graduation.
C photography college.

5    The narrator believes the key to good photography is
A mainly artistic talent.
B good technical knowledge.
C a combination of artistic talent and technical knowledge.

6    One disadvantage of being a professional photographer can be
A the long distances you have to travel.
B being away from home a lot.
C not having time for anything else.

7    The narrator believes that the most important thing he's learnt as a professional nature photographer is to appreciate

A how animals live in the wild.
B the diverse geography of the world.
C nature and the beauty of our planet.


Match the headings (A-H) to the paragraphs (1-7). There is one heading that you do not need to use.

A      A Hard Life at Sea
B      Magnificent Landmark
C      Help From Nature
D      Paying the Price
E      Ancient Roads
F      Charting the Skies
G      Wondrous Sights
H      Every Bit Helps

1 The Indian summer monsoon is a heavy rainy season that occurs from June to September each year. It is caused by a major wind system that comes from the Southwest bringing up to 10,000 mm of rain to some areas. The summer monsoon is welcomed in India as farmers completely depend on the rain to irrigate their crops. A strong monsoon season is celebrated as it means the harvest will be good.

2 The 'Seven Wonders of the Ancient World' are a list of seven remarkable man-made constructions that existed in the Mediterranean area in ancient times. The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt is the only wonder that still stands today. There are many new lists of wonders. For example, there is the 'Seven Natural Wonders of the World' list, which includes Mount Everest and the Great Barrier Reef.

3 In ancient Rome, wars at sea were fought on galleys - ships which relied on men to row them with oars. The men who rowed these galleys were typically slaves, prisoners of war, or criminals. Galley slaves lived in terrible conditions. They were whipped and beaten, they had very little food, and they were chained to their oars, which meant if their galley sank, they would drown. Most died at sea.

4 The 'Silk Road' is the name given to a series of trade routes between the great ancient empires of China in the East and Rome in the West. The first of these routes began around 100 BC and eventually extended more than 4000 miles. Silk, salt, exotic spices and many other items were traded along these routes. Merchants travelling along the Silk Road faced many dangers as the routes were full of robbers and thieves.

5 Ayers Rock or Uluru is an enormous rock formation in central Australia. It extends 348 m from the ground and is 9 km around its base. Depending on the weather conditions and the time of day, the rock can change colour dramatically. It can appear anything from blue to violet to glowing red. Uluru is sacred to Australia's native people, the Aborigines. 'Uluru', means 'meeting place' and they believe that it was formed by ancestral beings during the creation of the world.

6 Your carbon footprint refers to the amount of carbon you personally produce in a year. Almost everything you do directly or indirectly releases carbon into the air, whether it's flying to the Caribbean on holiday or buying a packaged sandwich for lunch. As global warming is linked to the amount of carbon in the atmosphere, we should all try to reduce our carbon footprints. Even small changes like not leaving your stereo on standby, can make a big difference.

7 The earliest known maps were found in the Lascaux caves, in France. ] They date back almost 20,000 years and are maps of the stars in the night sky. One map is of three stars in an area of the sky we know as the 'Summer Triangle'. Another appears to be a map of the cluster of stars known as the 'Seven Sisters'. These maps show that humans have been fascinated by the heavens from very early times.

Use of English

Complete the gaps (1-6) with the correct form of the words in bold.


Why the 1)..........empire of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs collapsed into economic ruin, remains one of history's many unsolved mysteries.
But recent 2)....... have suggested that the answer may lie underneath Lake Tana in the Ethiopian highlands. Lake Tana supplies the water which makes the Nile Valley so fertile.

Samples of sediment taken from the lake show that the lake may have 3).........dried up around 4,200 years ago due to climate change.

As the Egyptian economy depended on 4)........ this is all that it would have taken to destroy it. In fact, it would have caused a 5).........famine lasting for two hundred years. There are many other theories, however, about the pharaohs' demise, including 6).......... from Asia and civil war.


Comment on the following statement:

Flying uses a lot of fuel and releases a lot of polluting C02 into the atmosphere. In light of this, some people feel that the number of flights that we are allowed to take each year should be limited.

What is your opinion? Should we be allowed to take as many flights per year as we like or not? Write 120-180 words using the plan.

Para 1   Introduction (state the problem)
Para 2   Express your opinion and give reasons for it
Para 3   Give the opposing point of view and explain why you disagree with it
Para 4   Draw a conclusion

You and a friend have decided to go travelling together and would like to do something a little different. You have narrowed down your options to the following:

•    trekking in the Scottish highlands
•    touring Ireland in a horse-drawn caravan
•    a cruise on the English canals
•    a 'Wilderness Survival' course in Wales

Decide which option you are going to choose. Then start the conversation with your teacher (who will play the part of your friend), remembering to:

•    discuss all the options
•    take an active part in the conversation and be polite
•    come up with ideas
•    give good reasons
•    find out your friend's preferences and take them into account
•    invite your friend to come up with suggestions
•    come to an agreement

Progress Check 

1 Fill in: feat, consults, symbols, unique, remote, conveyor, excavation, sculted, boarding, aisle.

1 Hieroglyphics is an ancient writing system made of.........
2 I always ask for on an aeroplane.
3 Easter Island is..........There is nowhere else like it in the world.
4 Archaeologists took five years to complete the.........
5 Tracey always.........her parents before making any big decisions.
6 Most ancient temples are found in..........locations.
7 The statues were............from volcanic rock.
8 The building of the ancient city of Machu Picchu was an incredible..........   
9 Luggage is collected from.........belt No 23.
10 You need a valid......pass to get on the plane.

10X2     20

2 Fill in: all, every, so, neither, nor, both, each, none, either.

1    Kim saw that.......of the hotels were suitable, so she decided to stay in another resort.
2    Jack and to go on skiing holidays.
3 have been cancelled due to bad weather.
4    Neither I......Jane like to lie on the beach all day. We'd rather see the sights.
5    "I can't find a cheap flight," ".........can I. Let's change our dates."
6    "I really need a holiday!" " I. I'm tired."
7    The flight costs $150...........way.
8    ............time I travel by train I feel sick.
9    We can............go this weekend or next weekend, but after that I'm busy.
10 "I don't like long car journeys." " I. They're very tiring."    ,

Points:     ___
10X2       20

3 Complete the phrasal verbs with the correct particle.

1    Tom paid his bill and checked ..... of the hotel.
2    Have you checked........ everything on your packing list?
3    I arrived at the hotel and checked..........
4    I want to check...........that new restaurant in town to see if it's as good as people say.
5    Tom checks ........ on his son now and then to make sure he's studying hard.

Points: ___
5X2         10

4 Fill in the gaps with the correct preposition.

1    I was really happy......the service the travel agent provided.
2    Paul has always dreamed........going to the States.
3    This hotel is typical..........many in the area.
4    I want to stay in a hotel.......the sea.
5    The trouble.........the Costa del Sol is that it's overcrowded with tourists.   

Points: ___
5X2         10

5 Complete the sentences using the words in bold. Use two to five words.

1    We enjoyed our holiday so much that we are going to the same place next year.
enjoy       So.........our holiday that we are going to the same place next year.
2    If you had booked early, you would have found a flight.
booked    Had ......... you would have found a flight.
3    It isn't very often that I go away for the weekend.
do       Seldom..........for the weekend.
4    I didn't expect to enjoy myself so much on holiday
expect          Little........enjoy myself so much on holiday.
5    If my dad agrees, I can go on the trip.
can         Only if..........go on the trip.

Points:  ___
5X4          20

6 Match to form exchanges.

1 Can I take two pieces of hand     luggage?   
2 That's not what I meant to say.   
3 Did you pack your bag yourself?   
4 Would you mind opening the window?    

a    I see.
b    Not at all.
c    Sure. Here you are.
d    Only one, I'm afraid.
e     I did.

Points:  ___
5X4          20

Now I can...
•    talk and write about mystic places
•    talk about travelling and airports
•    write an article describing a place/a letter recommending a place
                                                          ... in English

Английский язык. 11 класс : учеб. для общеобразоват. учреждений / [О.В. Афанасьева, Дж.Дули, И.В. Михеева и др.]. - 2-е изд., доп. и перераб. - М.: Express Publishing : Просвещение, 2009. - 244 с. : ил. - (Английский в фокусе).

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